Seminar Presentation: A Seed for the “Knowledge
Dr. Pe Maung Than (Pro-Rector, Yangon University)
မတ္လ ၊ ၅ ၊ ၂၀၀၂ ။ Institute of Economics တြင္ DEM Training
Course II အတြက္ေဟာေျပာခ်က္ကုိ ဆရာ၏ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္ျဖင့္
(Outlines, not the Guidelines)
I. Introduction : Origin and meaning (Lat. Fr. Gk.,
A seed plot. Like seed or semen, a reproductive power
constituting a source.
Gathering of scholars or supervised students doing research or
advanced studies from which any new knowledge develops or grow.
The main part is an “oral expression of words” – that is
generally accepted as “speech-making” or “talk”. Kind of Talk
(a) person to person (conversation-begins at home)
(b) a person to persons (speech)
(c) *a person to a large crowd with written message (address) <*
social or political sense>
(d) seminar: presentation of certain topic of interest, work,
study or experience followed by discussion.
(e) workshop: a group of people meeting regularly for a seminar
in a specialized field.
(f) colloquium: speaking in turn or together in a dialogue or a
(g) symposium: an intellectual discussion with drinking
entertainment where ideas are freely exchange.
(h) conference: examination by comparison or consultation of
opinions to go on discussion.
(i) congress: a formal assembly of representatives to discuss
large scale problems with solutions.
II. Important role of seminars
(a) seminar are important and necessary. In a higher learning
society, it is the reflection of an educational mirror.
(b) Results are different. It can be a new scientific
understanding, or a new knowledge/idea/information/approval (or)
disapproval of a new find/acceptance (or) rejection of a new
clue to solve a scientific problem.
III. Preparation and organization:
(a) Why make seminars? The speaker feels that it is necessary to
express his or her work (covering knowledge and experience,
study and understanding, experiment or analysis etc.) to share
with others and to receive various opinions.
(b) What to present? Basically the subject or topic that the
speaker clearly understand (on a research, or an advanced
(c) How it should be presented? With systematic collection of
facts and figures. For a technical seminar, preparation of
slides, projections (power point presentation is the most
effective), table and graphs, figures and diagrams will be
necessary, but it is better to use as few as possible. Instead
of telling in detail, explain each to a single fact, idea or
finding. Long and complicated formulas, equations, tables or
charts should be avoided. Minimum number of words in every
illustration (e.g. tables should include not more than three to
four vertical columns and six to eight horizontal lines)
(d) Where to present? Sight and sound pollution protected place.
Since the major enemy of a seminar is distraction, it should be
well contained. Room size should accommodate the expected number
(e) When to present? Only after a thorough preparation (covering
collection of facts, organization of materials, processing and
arrangement of data and results).
(f) To Whom it should be presented? In general, to people who
can understand the subject and its most substances.
IV. Seminar should be a two-way-street. (transmitting and
(a) Speaker’s side:
(C) Clarity : clear understanding of the topic. Must have
confidence that people will listen if the speaker had something
worthwhile. Stimulate the listeners by showing interest in them.
(A) Avoidance : the “I” decrease (like “I” – “me” – “my” –
“mine”). Do not monopol-i-i-i-ze. Never press the audience to
agree with your work. Avoid boring sub-topics. Monotony is the
herculean enemy, but never argue.
(R) Reaction : discuss each question with great caution, but
(E) Edition : edit the presentation by deletion of irrelavent
facts and elaborations.
Remember C A R E
(b) Listener’s side:
(a) Listening : must know exactly how and what to absorb. Take
notes, points or facts when and where necessary. Listen with not
just eyes and ears, but also with heart and mind as though the
listener is simultaneously drifting with the good talk. See the
(b) Asking : questions are important and questioning is an art,
if one feels like questioning, make a clear point adhere to a
single fact. And prepare the question. Pay special attention to
a specific question.
V. Oral presentation/ delivery of the talk. (to core, concise
and clear) Remember 3 C’s Presenting a good talk is like wearing
a colourful, cleanly and neatly cut dress.
(a) prepare the talk in advance, organize the ideas and make the
points simple and clear.
(b) write a detailed outline, but tell only a few essentials.
Leave details for the discussion or publication.
(c) Pre-run (rehearse) if necessary. Test the talk with one or
more colleagues (if no one volunteers, ask help from the
spouse). Receive suggestions to improve.
(d) speak out loud and clear (without nervousness, nasality,
stridency, mumbling etc.). Slowly if possible, but without
(e) add some forces of colours and components (tone, pitch,
stress, pause etc.) to the speech dynamics.
(f) neologism : wordrobes or wordsmith, breath or knowledge is
evident in using of new words in proper usage, but unfamiliar
words should be avoided. Use simple active words and short
(g) proper use of allotted time. Need to spare adequate time for
questionaire and discussion.
(h) Usage of public address system.
VI. Questionaire and discussion : "အေမး ကၽြဲေက်ာင္း၊ အေျဖ
It may take an embryo Buddha to answer a buffalo herd’s
question. A fool can ask what Socrates cannot answer.
Question and answer activity is the seed of new knowledge or a
new solution. This indicates interest and involvement of the
The quality and the value of a seminar primarily depends on
question and discussions.
Discuss with constructive criticism, but not heated arguments.
Remember, it is not a pre-arranged debate.
A good humor can case a tense situation. (breaking the